|City of Muntinlupa|
|Aerial view of Muntinlupa, with Filinvest City in Alabang on the foreground|
|Nickname(s): Emerald City of the Philippines; Munti|
Motto: Lakas, Talino at Buhay
Location within Metro Manila
|Muntinlupa Location within the Philippines|
|Coordinates: 14°23′N 121°03′E / 14.38°N 121.05°E / 14.38; 121.05Coordinates: 14°23′N 121°03′E / 14.38°N 121.05°E / 14.38; 121.05|
|Region||National Capital Region|
|Districts||Lone district of Muntinlupa City|
|Incorporated (city)||March 1, 1995|
|• Mayor||Jaime Fresnedi (Liberal)|
|• Vice Mayor||Celso Dioko (Liberal)|
|• City Representative||Rozzano Rufino Biazon (Liberal)|
|• City Council||Councilors|
|• Total||41.67 km2 (16.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16.0 m (52.5 ft)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (31,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|ZIP code||1770–1777, 1780, 1799|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)02|
Muntinlupa, officially the City of Muntinlupa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Muntinlupa), is the southernmost city in Philippine National Capital Region. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 504,509. It is classified as a highly urbanized city.
It is bordered on the north by Taguig; to the northwest by Parañaque; by Las Piñas to the west; to the southwest by Bacoor; by San Pedro, Laguna and Laguna de Bay to the east, the largest lake in the country. It is given the nickname "Emerald City of the Philippines" by the tourism establishment and also known as the "Gateway to Calabarzon" as it is the southernmost city of the National Capital Region.
Muntinlupa is known as the location of the national insular penitentiary, the New Bilibid Prison, where the country's most dangerous criminals were incarcerated, as well as the location of Ayala Alabang Village, one of the country's biggest and most expensive residential communities, where many of the wealthy and famous live.
"Muntinlupa" came from at least three versions. First, its association with the thin topsoil in the area. Second, residents, purportedly replying to a question by Spaniards in the 16th century what the name of their place was, said “Monte sa Lupa”—apparently mistaking the question for what card game they were playing. Third, the topographical nature of the area, where the term Monte or mountain was expanded to Muntinlupa or mountain land.
It is bordered on the north by Taguig; to the northwest by Parañaque; by Las Piñas to the west; to the southwest by the city of Bacoor; by the city of San Pedro, Laguna; and by Laguna de Bay to the east, the largest lake in the country.
Muntinlupa’s terrain is relatively flat to sloping towards the east along the lake. Gentle rolling hills occupy the western part of the city, with elevation increasing up to 60 meters and above towards its southwest portion.
Marikina Valley Fault System' the west segment, known as the West Valley Fault (WVF) is one of the two major fault segments of the Valley Fault System which runs through the cities of Marikina, Pasig and Muntinlupa and moves in a dominantly dextral strike-slip motion. The West Fault is capable of producing large scale earthquakes on its active phases with a magnitude of 7 or higher.
The dry season rungs through the months of November to April, while the wet season starts in May and lasts to November. The wet season reaches its peak in the month of August. Maximum rainfall in Muntinlupa usually occurs from the month of June to September. The average annual of rainfall is 2,014.8 millimeters with a peak of 420.0 millimeters in July and a low 26.9 millimeters in April. The highest temperature occurs during the month of April and May (34 degrees Celsius) while the lowest occurs during the months of January & Friday (24 degrees Celsius)
The Philippines, due to its geographical location, is one of the Asian countries often affected by typhoons. It is located within the so-called “typhoon belt”. Generally, typhoon season starts from June and ends in November. However, the rest of the months are not entirely free of the typhoons since they are unpredictable in nature and might enter the country anytime of the year.
|Climate data for Muntinlupa, Metro Manila|
|Average high °C (°F)||30 |
|Average low °C (°F)||24 |
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||32.9 |
|Average rainy days||6||6||4||4||12||18||21||23||21||17||14||10||156|
|Source #1: World Weather Online |
|Source #2: World Weather Online|
Alabang is the business district of the city where the tallest structures of the city be located. It used to be the location of Alabang Stock Farm. Land reclamation is also done along the Laguna Lake for further developments in the city. During the dry season, the waterlevel in lake subsides exposing the soil that is then used for farming.
Muntinlupa City is governed primarily by the city mayor, the vice mayor and the city councilors. The mayor acts as the chief executive of the city while the city councilors act as its legislative body. The vice mayor, besides taking on mayoral responsibilities in case of a temporary vacancy, acts as the presiding officer of the city legislature. The legislative body is composed of 16 regular members (8 per district) and representatives from the barangay and the youth council.
The Bureau of Corrections has its headquarters in the New Bilibid Prison Reservation in Muntinlupa City.
"Most Business Friendly City" on 2001, 2002 & 2006 as awarded by the Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Muntinlupa is the first city in the Philippines to ban the use of plastic bags and Styrofoam for packaging. The City Government encourages to "Bring your own Bag" or "BYOB" when shopping to reduce the use of plastic bags that would otherwise clog the waterways.
ISO Certification on Quality Management System or ISO 9001:2000 has initially been acquired on 2004 and is valid for 3 years. Muntinlupa City has re-acquired its ISO Certification on QMS in April 2015, ISO 9001:2008, together with Ospital ng Muntinlupa and Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Muntinlupa as certified by BRS Rim of the World Operations, California.
Designed by Manuel Amorsolo, son of a national artist Fernando Amorsolo, the City Seal features the Philippine Eagle, the biggest, the strongest and the highest flying bird of the Philippine Republic, a bird that symbolizes our dream, one day, to make Muntinlupa the Premiere Emerald City of the 21st Century.
Muntinlupa City is composed of a lone congressional district, and two legislative districts which are further subdivided into nine barangays. Legislative District One includes barangays Bayanan, Putatan, Poblacion and Tunasan in the southern half of the city, while legislative District Two are barangays Alabang, Buli, Ayala Alabang, Cupang and Sucat in the northern portion of the city.
|Barangays||District||Population||Area (km²)||Density (/km²)||Zip Code|
Other Zip Codes include Muntinlupa Central Post Office 1770, Ayala Alabang Village 1780, Pleasant Village 1777, and Susana Heights 1774.
Putatan got its name from a tree called putat. When the Spaniards colonized the Philippines, those who came to this particular place which has yet no name during the 18th century found out that many trees abound which looked like the Santol tree but whose leaves are much bigger with flowers blooming like rounded bunches of threads in rosy color to become chain of fruits in a seemingly small vine branches. The fruits, which are known to be poisonous, resembled the American guava. Now, the Spaniards wanted to know the name of this place and had to ask the residents who likewise answered them, putat, and thinking the Spaniards were asking for the name of the trees around the area.
Tunasan may have originated from the plant tunas a prickly pear which grow in Tunasan. It may also had originated from the story of Chinese Merchands being robbed by rebels. When asked for the place where they were robbed, they answered that they were robbed by "tulisan" which means rebels.
Sucat got its name from the vernacular word "sukat" which means “measurement”. It has been known that this community prior to the establishment of the name during the Spanish era was always measured. During the regime, the Posadas family was in power because of the then Mayor of Manila – Juan Posadas, who have a close relation with the Spanish Government Officials. Juan Posadas was able to acquire all the land he wished to measure in the entire community due to his connections with the government.
Buli is said to also be named after the buri palm that is abundant in the area.
Cupang is likewise named after a plant
Alabang is named after the river that passes through the barangay.
Ayala Alabang was created by Batas Pambansa Bilang 219 on March 25, 1982. It was originally a part of Barangay Alabang. It was separated from Barangay Alabang and "constituted into a distinct and independent barangay" named Barangay New Alabang by Batas Pambansa Bilang 219 which was passed and approved on March 25, 1982. The name was changed to Barangay Ayala Alabang in November 2003, after the public hearing conducted by the City Government of Muntinlupa for this purpose.
While Barangays are the administrative divisions of the city, and are legally part of the addresses of establishments and homes, many residents indicate their Subdivision (village) instead of their Barangay. Listed below are the Barangays in each district and known subdivisions.
District 1 Barangay Bayanan (0.784 km2)
Barangay Poblacion (6.131 km2)
Barangay Putatan (6.746 km2)
Barangay Tunasan (9.596 km2)
Barangay Alabang (8.064 km2)
Barangay Buli (0.437 km2)
Barangay Cupang (5.370 km2)
Barangay Ayala Alabang
|Population Census of Muntinlupa|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
People on from Muntinlupa are referred to as Muntinlupeño as an adaptations from the standard Spanish suffix -(eñ/n)o.
The native language of Muntinlupa is Tagalog, but the majority of the residents can understand and speak English.
People in Muntinlupa are mainly Christian, primarily Roman Catholic
Catholic churches in Muntinlupa are under the control of the Diocese of Parañaque. Main Catholic churches include Our Lady of the Abandoned Parish in Poblacion and Saint Peregrine Laziosi Parish in Tunasan. There are about 11 parishes within Muntinlupa. There are about 11 parishes in Muntinlupa, namely:
Denominations other than Catholic churches on Muntinlupa includes Protestant denominations, Iglesia Ni Cristo, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Iglesia ni Cristo mostly has at least one church ("Lokal") on each barangay.
A minority of Muslims exist in Alabang.
Barangay Alabang, part of the second district of Muntinlupa, has undergone tremendous growth mainly due to a development boom in the late 1990s. The development of two large-scale commercial real estate projects namely; the Filinvest Corporate City and Ayala Land's Madrigal Business Park, changed the landscape of Muntinlupa City from what was once vast fields of cow pasture in the late 1980s, into a supercity that houses new residential, business, industrial and commercial establishments.
The Muntinlupa "Business One-Stop-Shop" is recognized in the 2014 World Cities Summit in Singapore in its effectiveness in reducing the number of steps in acquiring a Business Permit.
Northgate Cyberzone is the information technology park within Filinvest Corporate City in Alabang. The 18.7 hectare, PEZA registered IT zone is designed, mastered-planned and built around the needs of technology-based companies engaged in Business Process Outsourcing (BPO), Knowledge Process Outsourcing (KPO), education, learning and firm, software design and multimedia, call centers, e-commerce, banking and financial services, as well as other IT support businesses and the like. It is home to Capital One Philippines Support Services Corp., Convergys Philippines Corp, HSBC Electronic Data Processing (Philippines), Inc., Genpact, Verizon Business and many more.
Kawasaki Motors Philippines Corporation is in charge of production and distribution of Kawasaki Motors in the Philippines. KMPC, having been in the country for over 40 years, is hailed today as one of the top manufacturers in the Philippine motorcycle industry. Amkor Technology is a semiconductor product packaging and test services provider. Pepsi-Cola Products Philippines has a plant located at Tunasan, Muntinlupa City. Zuellig Pharma is located in Muntinlupa City
Shopping Centers in Muntinlupa include Alabang Town Center and Ayala Malls South Park owned by Ayala Malls popular for the people for the citizens of Southern Manila, Festival Supermall owned and operated by Filinvest Development Corporationit has an area of 20 hectares, Starmall Alabang (formerly known as Metropolis Star Alabang), and SM Center Muntinlupa owned by SM Prime Holdings.
There are multiple car dealerships located in Muntinlupa and most of them are along the Alabang-Zapote Road in Alabang. Ford Motors Alabang has a five-floor facility covering a floor area of nearly 13,000 square meters including a 2-floor, 23-vehicle showroom and a 4-floor, and an 80-bay service center. Toyota Alabang also constructed a facility with a showroom, parts warehouse, office & service facilities in a 5,000 square meter lot. Audi Alabang, Chevrolet Alabang, Chrysler Alabang, Mitsubishi Motors Alabang, Nissan and Suzuki Alabang are also located within the area, most of which are along the Alabang - Zapote Road. Still in Alabang-Zapote Road but located in barangay Ayala Alabang are Hyundai Alabang, Isuzu Alabang and Honda Alabang.
The sole distributor of electricity in Metro Manila is the Manila Electric Company, also known as Meralco.
The de-commissioned Sucat Thermal Power Plant is located at Sucat, Muntinlupa City.
Water is provided Maynilad Water Services also known as Maynilad is a water and waste water services provider of cities and municipalities of the National Capital Region that forms the West Zone and some parts of Cavite. It is one of the two concessionaires that provide water to Metro Manila in the Philippines, the other one is Manila Water which serves the East Zone.
Majority of the land-line connection is provided by phone carrier Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company. Mobile telecommunication services are mostly provided by Globe Telecom, Smart Communications & Sun Cellular.
Muntinlupa can be accessed through private vehicles, buses, jeepneys, taxis and tricycles. Electric vehicles by both private and public sectors operate within the borders of the city.
Buses have a stations in Starmall Alabang which have routes passing through EDSA to Quezon City, Navotas or Valenzuela. Provincial buses are found in South Station Alabang which have routes to Batangas City, Lucena, Quezon, and even to Bicol Region. Buses also pass through the Alabang viaduct from EDSA to Pacita Station.
Jeepneys have stations in Starmall Alabang which have routes to General Mariano Alvarez, Calamba and Pasay going through Metro Manila Skyway, Alabang-Zapote Road, or National Road (Maharlika Highway).
Tricycles and pedicabs serve the interior of barangays and residential areas.
"360 Eco-loop" is Filinvest City’s fully integrated electric-powered public transport system operated by Filinvest as the main mode of transportation around the 244-hectare Filinvest City, Muntinlupa. "electric-Jeepney Ride for Free" is launched by the City Government of Muntinlupa on March 30, 2015 it is composed of an initial fleet of 10 e-jeepneys produced in the Philippines.
Philippine National Railways has 3 stations in the city. The following stations are Sucat, Alabang, and Muntinlupa (Brgy. Poblacion) Stations. There used to be a 4th and 5th stations in Brgy. Tunasan and Brgy. Buli, however both were discontinued to be used and demolished in 2009. Alabang station is the terminus of the Metro Commuter services so only the Provincial Commuter services that goes to Calamba City that stops in the Muntinlupa station which is currently 2 Northbound trips in the morning and 2 Southbound trips in the evening. Service southward to Alabang has resumed, but limited to Mamatid station in Mamatid, Cabuyao, Laguna.
Muntinlupa is served by expressways, national highways, and arterial roads, usually crowded.
National highways serving the city includes Maharlika Highway, which parallels the South Luzon Expressway and functions as the city's main artery and Alabang-Zapote Road, formerly known as "Real Street". Daang Hari Road, opened in 2003, lies on the boundary with Las Piñas near Ayala Alabang, Katarungan Village, and New Bilibid Prisons.View of a portion of South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) at Bilibid area, Muntinlupa City as of April 2015
Expressways passing through Muntinlupa includes South Luzon Expressway, a part of the Pan-Philippine Highway(AH26) Luzon route, Metro Manila Skyway, an elevated expressway running above the South Luzon Expressway from Makati to Muntinlupa, and the Muntinlupa–Cavite Expressway, 4 km (2.5 mi) long access-controlled toll expressway opened on August 2015. A proposed expressway, Laguna Lakeshore Expressway Dike, is being planned to run along Laguna de Bay from Taguig in Metro Manila to Calamba and Los Baños in Laguna.
Arterial roads serve as the main route from the national roads to the barangays and its residential and commercial areas. Few examples of those roads include Commerce Avenue between Alabang and Ayala Alabang, Corporate Avenue in Filinvest City, Alabang, E. Rodriguez Sr. Avenue in Poblacion, E. Rodriguez Jr. Avenue in Tunasan, San Guillermo Street in Putatan, and Manuel L. Quezon Avenue from Alabang to Sucat and to the Taguig city boundary. The arterial roads are usually narrow, crowded with tricycles, pedestrians, and parked vehicles, and has few or no sidewalks, while a few, like Commerce Avenue, are wide divided roads having traffic lights and sidewalks.
Muntinlupa City has 89 Child Development Centers, 20 Public Elementary Schools, 8 Public High Schools, 1 Public Tertiary School, 1 Public Vocational/Technical School, 88 Private Schools, 10 Private Tertiary Schools and 9 Private Vocational/Technical School. The "Iskolar ng Bayan" program has been able to give financial assistance to 3,567 students with an allocated budget of thirteen million pesos. The city search for the Ten Muntinlupa Outstanding Students (MOST) is conducted annually to give recognition and honor to talented and academically excellent students in all public and private high schools of Muntinlupa.
Muntinlupa City has 18 Health Centers, 1 Public Hospital, 8 Private Hospitals. The City uses Online Rapid Enrollment or ORE that is equivalent to automatic registration on PhilHealth. The Ospital ng Muntinlupa serves more than 600 patients daily. Discounts ranging from 25 to 75 percent may be availed depending on the financial capability the patient. The Food and Drug Administration, tasked to ensure the health and safety of food and drugs, has its headquarters located at Alabang, Muntinlupa City.
Muntinlupa City Public Library is located at 2/F Contessa Bldg., Poblacion Muntinlupa City.
Muntinlupa City has 10 swimming pools, 14 Billiard Halls, 11 Tennis Courts, 8 Resorts, 7 Country Clubs, 9 Dance/Fitness/Slimming Centers, 41 Open Basketball Courts, 59 Covered Basketball Cours and 11 Parks & Playgrounds. The Muntinlupa Sports Complex is used for a variety of activities such as concerts, conferences, reunions and graduations, the sports complex has 3,500 seating capacity and has two separate multipurpose rooms. Located on a reclaimed area in Barangay Tunasan, it has an open area which local residents enjoy their morning exercise and leisure time.
|Takasaki, Japan||Carson, California, USA||Piteşti, Romania|
|Liuzhou, China||Staffanstorp, Sweden||Paris, France|
|Madeira, Portugal||Craiova, Romania|
|Siruma, Camarines Sur||Calabanga, Camarines Sur||Sta. Cruz, Marinduque|
|Calauag, Quezon||Bangued, Abra||Ozamiz City|
|Pagadian City||Cotabato City|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Muntinlupa.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muntinlupa.|
|Las Piñas||Laguna de Bay|
|San Pedro, Laguna|
|Articles related to Muntinlupa|
By Susan Griffith
Some resources updated 3/2016 by Transitions Abroad
|A garden in China. Photo courtesy of ITTT.|
Despite the rumors, a native’s knowledge of the English language is not an automatic passport to employment anywhere abroad. It can, however, be put to profitable use in many Asian countries. In South Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Vietnam, Thailand and in immensely populated China a high proportion of the population are eager for tuition from English speakers. A university degree in any subject is the main prerequisite, more often recently a 4-6 week certificate in TEFL and CELTA, and in some cases just a degree of enthusiasm will suffice.
Most foreign teachers work as employees of privately-run language institutes whose owners are often much more interested in maximizing profits than in maintaining high educational standards, though more and more programs protect their participants and insist upon higher standards. Working as a self-employed private tutor is more lucrative than teaching at an institute but normally requires considerable experience of the market and suitable premises from which to work.
Teachers must be prepared to face a range of challenges in some cases—from the high cost of housing in Japan to some remnants of ingrained racist attitudes in some quarters—and a resistance to innovation. However, with tact and perseverance it is possible to overcome the obstacles encountered by new arrivals.
Persuading shy or under-confident students to speak in class will be a challenge in many Asian contexts. Like teachers the world over, those who can make their classes fun and can encourage students to use the English they already know, however limited, get the best results and find the job more rewarding.
China: An Explosion of Private Language Schools
The Chinese nation is huge and hungry for the English language. For three decades there has been a flow of native speakers from the West to teach at schools and academic institutions around the country. But the past few years have seen a remarkable explosion in the number of private language institutes and companies, something that would have been unthinkable just a few years ago. The emerging middle class aspires to send their children for private tuition just as in the capitalist countries of Taiwan, Korea, and Japan. So a great many opportunities for jobs teaching English in China are opening up and are being advertised, especially via the web.
The eagerness to import English teachers continues unabated in provincial academic institutes. Many middle schools and normal schools (teacher training colleges) have trouble filling teaching posts and turn to foreign recruitment organizations like CIEE which places U.S. nationals in their Teach in China programs.
Requirements for teaching posts in China are not always stringent: a university degree is often sufficient and teaching experience counts for more than formal training. In many cases teachers receive free airfare, a local salary, and perks. Wages are best in the big cities (Beijing, Guangzhou, and Shanghai) where there are scores of English schools. But many teachers feel that the drawbacks of Chinese city life are so great that they prefer to work in the provinces for less money. The western provinces like Yunnan are more pleasant and less money-mad than the east coast cities. Once you get a job make sure the school sorts out the various permits for which you are eligible. Ask for help in obtaining a temporary residence so you can avoid the tedious and expensive necessity of renewing your visa.
Indonesia: Foreign Teachers Receive Ten Times Local Wage
The world’s fourth most populous nation, Indonesia, has been rapidly recovering from the political and economic instability that rocked the country at the end of the 1990s, as well as natural disasters. The major language schools survived the crisis and continue to be staffed by foreign teachers. Big companies and rich individuals support about a dozen large schools that can afford to hire trained foreign teachers and pay them about ten times the local wage. Unlike in Thailand and Korea, beginners lacking the appropriate background or training will have to confine their job search to the locally-run back-street schools. The best teaching prospects in Indonesia are for those who have completed some TESL training and are willing to sign a 12- or 18-month contract. Contracts tend to start in July or October. Most jobs are in Jakarta, though there are also schools in Surabaya, Bandung, Yogayakarta, and Solo (among others). Jobs are occasionally advertised in the Jakarta Post or Indonesian Observer. Schools are willing to hire teachers with either a British or North American accent.
Visas are an issue whatever the nationality. Work permit regulations are rigidly adhered to in Indonesia, and all the established schools will apply for a visa permit on your behalf. You must submit your CV, teaching certificate, and other documents to the Indonesian Ministry of Education, the Cabinet Secretariat, and the Immigration/Manpower Developments. English teachers must have English as their first language and be nationals of the U.S., Canada, Britain, Australia, or New Zealand. With more informal teaching positions it is necessary to leave the country every two months (normally a day trip to Singapore).
Most schools pay between six and eight million rupiahs (net) per month ($800-$1200) and some offer free accommodation alongside the salary, which permits a comfortable lifestyle.
Japan: The Financial Rewards Can Be Considerable
For decades, North Americans have been tempted to spend a year or two working in the land where English commands an almost reverential respect. The demand for language tuition remains strong, although recession in the late 1990s resulted in the closure of some major companies when fewer Japanese people were willing to pay for expensive English lessons. Consequently, competition for teaching jobs has become more acute. Be prepared to spend a sizeable sum of money while conducting the job hunt because of the high cost of living in Japanese cities. But many people persevere because of their commitment to an extended stay in Japan and also because of the potential earnings. Once established, the financial rewards can be considerable.
Japanese people of all ages eagerly sign up for lessons, especially evening classes, held in schools, town halls, and offices. “Conversation lounges” or “voice rooms” are popular among young adults who simply want to converse or socialize with a native speaker. These can have a relaxed and pleasant atmosphere, though they do not pay well and are probably unsatisfactory for serious English teachers.
The most common means of recruitment after the internet—on websites such as www.ohayosensei.com—is by advertising in English language newspapers, especially the Japan Times on Mondays and, to a lesser extent, Metropolis.
To shine over the competition, you must be prepared when you present yourself to a potential employer. Dress as impeccably and conservatively as possible. Take along (preferably in a smart briefcase) your undergraduate diplomas plus any other education certificates you have earned and a well-produced resume that does not err on the side of modesty. Be prepared at the interview to be tested or to be asked to teach a demonstration lesson.
Anyone arriving in Tokyo to conduct a speculative job hunt should go straight to one of the dozens of “gaijin houses,” relatively cheap long-stay hostels for foreigners, listed in guidebooks or the glossy monthly The Tokyo Journal. Popular gaijin houses will be full of new or nearly new arrivals chasing teaching jobs. Because rents in Tokyo are virtually prohibitive, some foreign teachers stay in gaijin houses throughout their stay.
Most Americans enter Japan on a 90-day tourist visa and then begin the job hunt. The best times are late March and August. The key to obtaining a work visa is to have a sponsoring full-time employer in Japan. If you are hired by a school or company able to offer a full timetable, your employer must take your documents to the Immigration Office for processing within six weeks. Technically, you are not supposed to work until this process is complete, but most schools seem to get you working immediately. Once your visa is confirmed, you must leave the country and apply to a Japanese embassy abroad for your tourist visa to be changed. You can do this in 48 hours in Seoul. The government of Japan will not give work permits to anyone without a university degree.
A third visa option is a “cultural visa.” To qualify, you must be able to prove that you are studying something Japanese like flower arranging, Shiatsu massage, martial arts, or the Japanese language.
If you want to arrange a teaching job in advance, the best bet is the government’s JET (Japan Exchange and Teaching) Program. Each year, more than 6,000 foreign language assistants from 40 countries receive 1-year renewable contracts to work in private and state junior and senior high schools. Anyone with a university degree who is under 40 is eligible to apply. The program is fairly competitive, partly because of the generous salary of ¥3,600,000 (about $44,000) in addition to a free return air ticket on completing a contract.
A number of large private organizations recruit abroad. Most pay at least ¥250,000 ($3,000 per month). A major chains to look out for is ECC (for these and others see below).
South Korea: Competition for Teaching Jobs Less Acute Than in Japan
The demand for native speaker English teachers in Korea far outstrips the supply, so competition for jobs is much less acute in Korea than in Japan. More than two-thirds of the work available is teaching young children and adolescents so any native speaker with experience of or just enthusiasm for working with children will have a large choice of job offers. Language institutes advertise for teachers on a host of websites and also in the English language press, principally the Korean Times and Korean Herald. The bias in favor of North American accents helps in the job search and Canadian teachers are particularly in demand, with several recruitment agencies based in Canada actively looking for university graduates willing to give teaching a go for a year, for example Asia-Pacific Connections Ltd.
A typical package available through recruiters in exchange for signing a contract to teach a minimum of 120 hours a month is a salary of 2,000,000-2,600,000 won ($1,700-$2,300) and sometimes more, return airfare, free accommodations, paid holidays, medical insurance, and a bonus on completion of the contract. It is a requirement of the E2 visa that teachers have a four-year degree or a 3-year degree plus TEFL Certificate.
Jobs are easiest to find at hogwons (language schools) in the Chongro district of Seoul, in Pusan, and in the smaller cities. The minimum qualifications are fluency in English, a bachelor’s degree, and a positive attitude. Berlitz Korea hires dozens of teachers at its schools, while Ding Ding Dang Children’s English also hires 50 native speaker teachers for 18 franchised schools throughout Korea. The English in Korea Program (EPIK) is a scheme run by the Ministry of Education to place more than 1,500 native speakers in schools and education offices. The monthly salary is between 1.7 and 2.1 million won plus accommodations, roundtrip airfare, medical insurance, and visa sponsorship.
Some neophyte teachers who arrange their jobs while still in North America wish they had waited until arrival in Seoul before committing themselves to a school. Often better wages and working conditions can be negotiated in person. Twelve-month contracts normally include a sizeable bonus, so it is in the teacher’s interest to complete the contract. For new arrivals who have not prearranged a job, a good place to pick up information is from the forums of Dave’s ESL Café .
Private tutoring normally requires traveling to the clients, though in Seoul this is less stressful than in Japan since the subway stops are announced in English. Most people who have taught in Korea report that the students are friendly and eager to learn but the hogwan owners are more interested in profit than in honoring their promises and even contracts with native speaker teachers. As a general rule be suspicious of anything that sounds like a dream contract. Lessons are not generally strenuous since the emphasis is on conversation rather than grammar.
Taiwan: Requirement Is a College Degree and a Certificate
It has been said that the only requirement for being hired as an English teacher in Taiwan are a college degree. Increasingly, there is a requirement for some form of certificate such as a TEFL, CELTA or TESOL. Despite changes in immigration legislation which have made it more difficult for foreigners to undertake private tutoring, the demand for college-educated native speaking teachers who are prepared to stay for at least one year is huge. Many of the hundreds of private children’s language institutes (as in Korea, the children’s ESL market predominates), cram schools (called buhsibans) and also some state secondary schools are keen to sponsor foreign teachers for the necessary visas.
The requirements for a working permit include the original of your university diploma, health certificates issued in Taiwan (including an HIV test and chest X-ray), and a 1-year contract signed by your employer. This must be done within the 60-day validity of your Visitor Visa. With the working permit you can obtain a resident visa and Alien Resident Card (ARC). The American accent is invariably preferred, especially in the capital Taipei. Yet not everyone wants to stay in Taipei where the air pollution is second only to that of Mexico City; the traffic congestion is appalling, and the rents are high. Jobs are plentiful in the other cities of Taiwan such as Kaohsiung, Taichung, and Tainan. The majority of schools pay at least NTD$550-600 ($18-$20) per hour, and quite a few pay NTD$650-$700 or more after a teacher has proved him or herself. Fees for private tuition are considerably higher.
To see which schools are hiring, see the tealit.com website. Recruiting agents can be found, such as Reach to Teach, which has also recruits for jobs in China, Hong Kong, Korea, and Vietnam.
Thailand: Teaching Jobs Are Virtually Guaranteed
While Bangkok absorbs an enormous number of English teachers, both trained and untrained, there is also demand in the other cities such as Hat Yai, Chiang Mai in the north, and Songkhla in the south, where there is less competition for work. Not much teacher recruitment takes place outside Thailand. Even Thai universities and teachers’ colleges, as well as private business colleges, all of which have EFL departments, depend on finding native-speaking teachers locally.
In short, anyone who is determined to teach in Thailand and prepared to go there to look for work is virtually guaranteed to find opportunities, though for less pay than in South Korea, Taiwan, and Japan in general. Finding language schools to approach is not a problem. Most new arrivals in Bangkok start with the English language yellow pages. Job vacancy notices appear in the English language press: The Bangkok Post and The Nation. Popular hostels often have bulletin boards with job notices and other information for foreigners. The best place to start the actual job hunting is around Siam Square and the Victory Monument where language schools and institutes abound. Check the Teaching in Thailand website, www.ajarn.com, for the best inside information about potential employers.
First impressions are important throughout Asia. Dress smartly for interviews. A professional-looking resume and references help. University graduates (ajarn) are highly respected in Thailand and are expected to look respectable. At your interviews, be prepared to undergo a grammar test. As usual, it may be necessary to start with part-time and occasional work with several employers, aiming to build up 20-30 hours in the same area to minimize traveling in the appalling traffic conditions of Bangkok (smog masks are cheap and a wise investment).
The busiest season for English schools is mid-March to mid-May during the school holidays, when many secondary school and university students take extra tuition in English. This coincides with the hot season. The next best time to look for work in private schools is October. The worst time is January and February.
Working as a self-employed private tutor pays better than working for a commercial school, but tutoring jobs are hard to set up until you have been settled in one place for a while and found out how to tap into the local elite community. Placing an ad for private pupils in English language papers often works. Possible venues for would-be teachers include hotels where a native speaker is needed to organize conversation classes for staff.
The majority of EFL teachers in Thailand do not have a work visa, and this seems to cause no serious problems, though there has been a recent crackdown on that practice, and "visa runs" are often necessary. At present, foreigners mostly teach on a tourist visa or (preferably) a non-immigrant visa. Universities and established language schools may be willing to apply for a work permit on behalf of teachers who have proved themselves successful in the classroom and who are willing to sign a 1-year contract. To be eligible for a work permit you must have a minimum of a B.A. and, in most cases, a relevant teaching certificate. However, most teachers simply cross the border into Malaysia every three months where a new visa can quickly and easily be obtained from the Thai consulate.
In a country where teaching jobs are so easy to come by, there has to be a catch—low wages. The basic hourly rate in Bangkok is only about 300-500 baht (US$9-US$15), with a few schools paying less and some promising considerably more, especially if travel to outside locations is required. Rates outside Bangkok are lower.
By the same token, living expenses are also fairly low, though growing. Out of an average monthly salary of 35,000-45,000 baht ($1000-$1250) teachers can expect to pay ($300-$600) in rent, depending on location in and outside of Bangkok. Tasty food can be had from street stalls for a few US dollars, and more substantial and exciting meals enjoying the area’s marvelous fresh fish and fruit cost about $8-12. It is still possible for even part-time teachers should not be able to afford to travel around the country, including to the islands, where life is slow and the beaches are wonderful, though life in the city is more expensive all the time.
South Asia: Fewer Paying Jobs Due to Poverty
In contrast to Thailand and Indonesia, it is generally not easy to find work as an English teacher in countries between Pakistan and the Philippines. Poverty is the main reason for the small market for paid expatriate teachers.
Nepal is a more promising destination than India for short-term English teachers willing to work for low wages. Insight Nepal has a Placement for Volunteer Service Work program in which volunteers are allocated to primary and secondary schools in different areas of the country for between three and four months to teach English, science, and sports. Starting dates are in February, August, and October. The participation fee covers pre-orientation and a one-week village or trekking excursion; the host village provides food and accommodations.
However, those foreigners prepared to finance themselves and volunteer their time can find eager students simply by asking around in Sri Lanka, India, and (especially) Nepal. Laos and even Myanmar are developing a range of commercial institutes devoted to English language teaching.
Vietnam and Cambodia Accending Very Rapidly
Singapore, Malaysia, and Brunei, which are relatively wealthy, mainly turn to Britain for teachers, and pay is good.
In Vietnam, the many teaching opportunities continue to grow in quantity as trade and tourism expands and the need for English speakers increases. Searches for jobs in Vietnam turn up hundreds of options. Cambodia is also now offering many more paying opportunities as well.
|Resources for Teaching English in Asia Operated out of North America|
CIEE places Americans cultural exchange, educational programs, and paid work in Asia, including Teach in China, Teach in South Korea, Teach in Thailand, and Teach in Vietnam.
Footprints Recruiting, a very large recruiter operated out of Canada, offers paid positions in China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and Vietnam in Asia as well as other countries worldwide.
Geovisions offer short-term and long-term paid teaching assignments in China, South Korea, Thailand, and Vietnam in Asia. See website for details.
Greenheart Travel offers paid teaching positions in China, South Korea, and Thailand.
International TEFL Academy provides TEFL certification classes and job placements in Cambodia, Thailand, and Vietnam.
LanguageCorps provides TEFL certification and job placement in Cambodia, China, Taiwan Thailand, Vietnam.
Princeton-in-Asia offers paid internship programs for college graduates, usually teaching English, for one or two years in China, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japan, Kazakhstan, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam. Teachers may be responsible for transportation. Salary very much country-dependent; housing and health insurance arranged. Must interview and have orientation in Princeton.
Reach to Teach recruits teachers for programs and paid positions in China, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Singapore, and Vietnam in Asia along with other countries worldwide.
WorldTeach is a volunteer teaching program at language camps for Chinese high school students both summer and year-long. It also offers programs in Bangladesh, Thailand, and Nepal. See the website for costs.
|Resources for Teaching English in China|
|Amity Foundation is a Christian organization that places native speaker teachers in schools and colleges. |
Appalachians Abroad Teach in China Program, Marshall University. 50 graduates per year teach English at public and private K-12 schools and higher education institutions mainly in Shanghai and Beijing.
Colorado China Council has been in business for 35 years. Graduates and others from the U.S. are placed as teachers at institutes throughout summer and year-round in China.
Teach in Hong Kong with Teachaway
See a daily selection of the Top Jobs Teaching English in China courtesy of ESL Job Feed.
|Resources for Teaching English in Indonesia|
|EF English First, Teaching English in Indonesia has schools throughout the country. Qualifications: TEFL/ TESL certificate indicating 120 hours of class work and observed, evaluated practice teaching.|
|Resources for Teaching English in Japan|
|AEON recruits teachers year-round. |
Berlitz has local branches that hire native speaker teachers year round.
ECC recruits teachers in Japan only.
Gaba Corporation operates 44 schools in Tokyo, Yokahama, Nagoya, Fukuoka and Osaka.
Interac has branches recruiting ALTs, where you work in elementary, junior high, and high schools throughout Japan.
JET (Japan Exchange and Teaching) Program. Government program described in this article, with thousands of year-long well-paying positions.
Westgate Corporation provides native English instructors mostly to its client universities in the Kanto area (including Tokyo, Kanagawa, Saitama, Chiba and other prefectures) as well as some other areas in Japan.
See a daily selection of the Top Jobs Teaching English in Japan courtesy of ESL Job Feed.
|Resources for Teaching English in South Korea|
|I Love ESL recruits teachers for the government EPIK program and other language schools. |
Park English is Korean-American company that recruits students all over Korea. The Ministry of Education of South Korea hires native English-speaking teachers throughout the nations public schools. Recruits for the EPIK and GEPIK programs.
See a daily selection of the Top Jobs Teaching English in South Korea courtesy of ESL Job Feed.
|Resources for Teaching English in Taiwan|
|Kojen English Language Schools offers jobs for teachers around the island. |
Hess Educational Organization provides training and jobs in Taiwan. Specializes in teaching children including kindergarten-age. Native Speaking Teachers (NSTs) must be college graduates. Very structured teaching program and curriculum.
|Resources for Teaching English in Thailand|
|AUA Language Center employs teachers in central Bangkok and about 100 at other branches in 11 provinces, mainly at universities. Applicants should have a B.A. You can find more information about other AUA branches all around Thailand also available from the website. |
ECC (Thailand) is a chain of language schools with 50 branches employing native speaker teachers, who must have a bachelor’s degree and at least six months teaching experience or a Cambridge CELTA entry level qualification (they also teach CELTA to prospective teachers).
Global Vision International offers paid teaching assignments all over Thailand through its program.
See a daily selection of the Top Jobs Teaching English in Thailand courtesy of ESL Job Feed.
SUSAN GRIFFITH is co-editor of Work Abroad and author of the book Teaching English Abroad. See Susan's bio for more information about her extensive bibliography or to purchase her books.
|Teach English in Asia Resources|
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|Top Jobs Teaching English in Southeast Asia|
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|How to Choose Your First Job Teaching English in China|
|Teaching English in China: Choose the Right School|
|A Primer for Prospective Teachers of English in China: A Diverse Market Awaits|
|Teaching English in China|
|China’s High Demand for English Teachers|
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|Live and Teach English in Thailand or Taiwan? A Guide to Choose the Best Country for You|
|Teaching English in Taiwan|
|Three Reasons to Teach English and Live in Taiwan|
|Teaching English in Taiwan: The Vital Information|
|Teaching English in Taiwan: Making the Transition|
|Teaching English in Taiwan: Jobs Are Plentiful, Living is Easy|
|Teaching English in Taiwan with Hess|
|Teaching English and Living in Korea: Take a Camp Job for a Month to Check it Out|
|Teaching English Korea: Why All the Excitement|
|English Teaching Contacts in Korea: What to Ask For and What Not to Stress Over|
|Teaching English in Korea: Public Schools are a Great Option|
|Teaching and Living in Seoul, South Korea|
|Living and Teaching English in South Korea|
|Teaching English in Korea: Demand for Teachers is High, Rewards Generous|
|Teaching English in South Korea: A New Home with an Array of Choices|
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|How to Teach English in a Thai High School|
|Freelance Teaching English in Bangkok, Thailand|
|Teaching English in Chiang Mai: A Step-by-Step Guide|
|Work in Thailand: Teaching English Can Be Just the Beginning|
|Teaching English in Thailand and Beyond: Making Choices About Where to Teach Abroad|
|TEFL Training in Thailand|
|Teaching English in Indonesia|
|Teaching English in Malaysia|
|Teaching English and Living in Vietnam: A Southeast Asia Giant|
|Teaching English in Vietnam|
|Notes from an English Teacher in Cambodia|
- Report directly to the Head of the office
- Supervising lower-level employees and training new staff members
- Handling company formation in Hong Kong including the preparation of Deeds and Declarations
- Preparing, circulating and submitting to the Companies Registry and Inland Revenue any statutory forms for companies registered in Hong Kong; to effect structure changes such as:
change of directors/shareholders/beneficiaries/secretary/registered office/company name
o increase/decrease of share capital
o amendments to incorporation documents
o registration of pledges
- Provision of company secretary and company director duties in compliance with local statutory obligations
- Record keeping and administration duties (minutes of meetings, maintaining and updating accounting records, preparation and filing of Annual Returns etc)
- Provision of Banking Services:
o Initiate and complete the procedure for opening of company bank accounts and arranging internet banking tokens/codes and debit/credit cards
o Changing of bank signatories
- Arranging Translation/Authentication of Documentation including:
o Embassy certifications
o Certifying Officer (Notary) Authentications
o Apostille Authentications
- Ensuring accurate and timely invoicing and invoice dispatch to client for all tasks undertaken
- Identify and report to the Corporate Manager client complaints or situations that may develop into client complaints so that remedial action can be taken
- Performing complicated due diligence/identification in accordance with the company’s AML policy and KYC procedures
- Thorough understanding of complex corporate structures in the context of International tax planning
- Possess awareness of the various legislations that are relevant to the Company’s activities (Companies Law, Contract Law, AML Law, Labor Law, Income Tax Law, etc.)
- Report to the Corporate Manager client requests which may represent a risk to the company
- Report to the corporate Manager significant upcoming client transactions for effective planning
- Understanding the Hong Kong tax framework
- Office management and administrative duties:
o Sorting and allocating incoming paper documents and electronic mail
o Organizing and filing documents in accordance with company guidelines
o Handling incoming calls
o Managing schedules
o Preparing memos, correspondence, spreadsheets and presentations
- Completion of Timesheet which is subject to review and analysis of the Management
- Communicate with associates and clients establish new relationship and maintain existing
- Delivering documents to Government offices and Agents
- Other undertakings:
o Available to come to the office on request for urgent executions
o Perform other job-related duties as necessary
Technical Knowledge/ Qualifications required:
1. Good understanding of Corporate legal framework
2. Good knowledge of MS Office applications
3. Excellent command of English Cantonese language
1. University degree in Law, Accounting, Finance/ Corporate Finance, Financial Mathematics
2. Member of the HKICS
3. Knowledge of the financial industry
4. Knowledge of tax legal framework will be considered an advantage
- Pleasant personality and presentable
- Polite with good manners
- Client service driven
- Ability to work under pressure
- Time management and organizational skills
- Dependable and reliable
- Excellent verbal and written communication skills
- Solid computer skills
- Projecting a professional appearance and speaking voice is a must.
- Active listener in order to comprehend required duties and quickly understand the best method for - completing them
- Good knowledge of the English and Chinese language
- Professionalism, integrity and trustworthiness combined with a cooperative attitude
and service orientated approach
- Ability to multitask and complete assignments within time constraints and deadlines
- Prior experience in a Corporate Administration, Fiduciary Services or Corporate Law Firm is required.
- Prior experience in a client service oriented environment/ position
Remuneration and benefits:
- An attractive package of remuneration
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